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CO2 Smart Grid

CO2 Smart Grid

A collective of 22 investing partners is working on the world’s first-ever CO2 smart grid.

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Opportunity

CO2 is at the core of our climate problems. Can we turn it into something useful?

Challenge

The large amount of CO2 emitted into the atmosphere as a result of human activity is causing climate change. These emissions are threatening our quality of life and our security, as well as that of future generations. This has been endorsed by national governments and international authorities, for example during the COP21 climate conference in Paris. Commitments were made there to significantly reduce emissions. In the Netherlands, for example, the objective is a 85-95 percent reduction by the year 2050.

The big question is: How?

Clearly, we need to reduce the amount of CO2 we emit, for example by investing in clean energy generation and industry. However, that transition is going to take a while, certainly in sectors like the steel industry. The good news is that we can store CO2 (that’s called CCS) and we can even put it to good use (called CCU). In order to make that a reality, we have joined forces with 22 partners to create the CO2 Smart Grid!

We were inspired by the following examples of CO2 as raw material:

Construction materials
Construction materials

There are many ways to use CO2 in the production of construction materials. Preferably this would involve binding it to the materials, then it can be stored for the long-term. Ruwbouwgroep in Harderwijk is a company that does just that. Their Compensatiesteen bricks consist for 25% of bound CO2!

Website Ruwbouwgroep
Plastics
Plastics

CO2 is already an essential ingredient in many chemical processes. At Covestro in Germany, for example, they are even replacing crude oil with CO2 as a raw ingredient in the production of mattresses.

Website Covestro
Fuels
Fuels

The world of fuels is a potentially huge market for recycled carbon. For example, by increasing the efficacy of photosynthesis using bacteria, efforts are underway to create (substitutes for) kerosene, ethanol and diesel. A very broad and interesting development!

Must read
Food
Food

A more concrete application is the use of CO2 in the food industry. For instance, the Dutch company OCAP is currently pumping huge amounts of CO2 (0.6 megatons annually) into greenhouses as a fertilizer. It enhances the plants’ photosynthesis and prevents the need to use natural gas!

Website OCAP
We will accelerate this development in the Netherlands!

That’s why we’re initiating the world’s first-ever CO2 Smart Grid!

The western region of the Netherlands offers the perfect opportunity to start this transformation. Multiple large industrial plants produce CO2 that can be captured. Large quantities of CO2 are already being supplied to clusters of greenhouse horticulture enterprises through underground structures. That infrastructure can be efficiently expanded and extended to include storage and buffers. The proximity of Europe’s largest and fourth largest sea ports, the rapidly expanding spectrum of CO2 applications (horticulture, biochemistry, construction materials) and the right public context all combine to create the perfect momentum for the world’s first-ever CO2 Smart Grid.

So, why?

In order to capture as much CO2 as possible to prevent it from ending up in the atmosphere. And at the same time to take steps towards a circular economy.

What’s our current status?

What’s our current status?

Will you join us?

The latest news
The latest news

Our newsletter contains the latest news about the CO2 Smart Grid and developments surrounding CCS and CCU. Read the latest newsletter!

Read it!
Stay informed
Stay informed

Keep abreast of developments through our newsletter which we release about once every quarter.

Register!
Societal Cost-Benefit Analysis
Societal Cost-Benefit Analysis

It is of great importance for our partners from the public sector to be grasp the societal added value of the projects they partcipate in. CE researched this added value of our project and destilled the results in a so called Societal Cost-Benefit Analysis.

Read it here!
Read more about our results: Life Cycle Analysis
Read more about our results: Life Cycle Analysis

One of the starting points of this project was our objective to slow down global warming. But what is the effect of our ideas? And which applications are the most effective? CE Delft did an research on the CO2-emissions avoided by certain routes.

Read more about it in their report!
Read more about our results: Technology Assesment
Read more about our results: Technology Assesment

For a proper view on the feasibility you have to know what the technological opportunities and threats are. TNO analysed those and came to the conclusions that there are no barriers and all hurdles are possible to tackle.

See for yourself in their Technology Assesment!
Read more about our results: Survey business community
Read more about our results: Survey business community

We are looking for ways to accelerate the application of CO2, and exploring the possibilities of a business community based on the subject. In that perspective we carried out a concise survey to get a grip on the demand and key conditions.

Read the results here!
Read more about our results: Prefeasibility report
Read more about our results: Prefeasibility report

For more in-depth information read the prefeasibility report, compiled by Ecofys.

Download!
Read more about our results: Action plan
Read more about our results: Action plan

For more information on how we approach the feasibility phase, read our Action Plan.

Download!
Read more about our starting point: Position paper
Read more about our starting point: Position paper

For more information on how we started and our proposition read our position paper.

Download!

Undersigned by the CO2 Smart Grid partners

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